Types of Foxes | Species of Fox

Foxes are fascinating creatures that have captured the imagination of humans for centuries. There are 37 different species of foxes distributed worldwide, each with unique physical characteristics and behavioral traits. In this article, Types of Foxes will explore some of the most common types of foxes found in various regions.

The red fox is a widely dispersed animal on the planet, living in almost every region. Foxes are omnivorous, eating various things, including small mammals, birds, fruits, and vegetables. They can be found in groups or as lone individuals.

Fox Scientific Classifications

Foxes are beloved animals in the world. Many do not know that all 12 valid species of foxes belong to the same genus: Vulpes. This genus comprises arctic, red, and bat-eared foxes, amongst other species. The notable exception is the grey fox, which belongs to a different genus entirely: Urocyon.

The grey fox can be identified by its distinct pattern: black fur along their backs and tails with rusty orange mixed around its face, legs, and flanks. Grey foxes prefer more densely forested habitats than any other members of the Vulpes genus, as they are good climbers and use trees to escape predators.

Types of Foxes

Foxes are fascinating creatures that come in a variety of species. One such species is the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). This is perhaps the most common and widely known type of fox. With its striking red fur, bushy tail, and cunning personality, it has captured the imagination of people around the world.

Another intriguing species of fox is the Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus). Living in some of the coldest regions on Earth, this small and compact predator has adapted to its harsh environment by developing a thick white coat that allows it to blend perfectly with the snow. Incredibly, their fur can change color with the seasons, turning brown during summer for camouflage purposes. The Arctic fox’s ability to survive in such extreme conditions showcases nature’s remarkable adaptability.

The fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) stands out among other species due to its large ears. Native to North Africa’s Sahara Desert, these adorable creatures use their enormous ears for heat regulation and keen hearing hunting insects and small mammals at night. It is fascinating how different types of foxes have evolved unique physical traits that suit their specific habitats and lifestyles.

From red foxes prowling forests to Arctic foxes thriving amidst icy landscapes and fennec foxes navigating deserts – each type brings a fresh perspective to our understanding of these incredible animals’ abilities to adapt to diverse environments, whether they are camouflaging themselves amidst changing.

What Are Foxes Related To

Foxes are related to wolves in more ways than one. They may look different, with foxes having a much smaller size and pointier ears, but they are actually of the same family. Canidae is a biological family that includes wolves, foxes, and other animals such as coyotes and jackals. Foxes and wolves have been categorized differently because of their distinct physical features, but genetically speaking, they share an incredible amount of similarities.

Species of Fox

The fox evolved from its wolf ancestors over thousands of years ago. Adaptations allowed them to remain successful in environments unsuitable for larger canines like wolves. This included decreasing size, resulting in more efficient energy consumption hunting for prey.

12 True Type Foxes

Foxes are some of the most beloved animals found in nature. But did you know that there are 12 valid species of foxes? All twelve species fall under the Vulpes genus, which is a member of the Canidae family. This grouping includes all dog and wolf family members, such as jackals and coyotes.

12 valid type species are as follows

Red FoxCorsac Fox 
Arctic FoxTibetan Sand Fox
Fennec FoxSwift Fox
Pale FoxKitt fox
Blanford’s FoxBlanford’s Fox
Cape FoxBangel Fox

Foxes are a type of canid that have traditionally been classified under the genus Vulpes. Though members of this genus are often called true foxes, many other canids in different genera share physical and behavioral similarities. Despite having different classifications, these animals should still be considered foxes because they are part of the same taxonomic family. 

These non-true-type foxes include species such as the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), fennec fox (Vulpes zerda), and arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus). There are also species like the bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis), which is classified in its distinct genus but shares several common traits with other traditional types of foxes. Each species has unique characteristics that make it special, from small red foxes to large arctic ones. In this article, we will examine some of the more popular types of foxes and what makes them so fascinating. 

The first type we will discuss is the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes). This species is found throughout Europe, Asia, North America, Africa, and Australia. They have long reddish-brown coats with white fur around their faces and feet. Red foxes are highly adaptable animals in various environments, from forests to deserts.

Red Fox

The red fox is found throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere, including North America, Europe, and Asia. Its reddish-brown fur and white-tipped tail most easily identify it. The red fox is a highly adaptable animal, thriving in rural and urban environments, some species have even been known to live in the Arctic Circle. 

A member of the Canidae family – which includes wolves, dogs, coyotes, and jackals – the red fox is an omnivore that feeds on various prey such as rodents, birds, insects, fruits, and vegetables. Red foxes are primarily solitary animals, but during mating season, they may form small packs or families of a mated pair with their young from previous years’ litter.

Types of Foxes
Red Fox

Arctic Fox

The Arctic fox is the world’s most unique and resilient animal. Native to some of the harshest climates on Earth, this small mammal has adapted to live in the tundra, rugged mountains, and treeless islands. This remarkable animal can be found throughout the northern regions of Europe, Asia, and North America as far south as New England in the United States. 

The Arctic fox has evolved unique characteristics that help it survive cold temperatures up to -58 degrees Fahrenheit (-50 Celsius). Its thick coat changes color With the season, from white during winter for camouflage to brown during spring and summer for warmth. Its fur is significantly more insulating than other mammals due to its two layers: a dense undercoat that keeps warm air close to its body and guards hairs that protect it from wetness.

The Arctic fox is a unique and fascinating animal found in some of the coldest regions on Earth. Its diet consists mainly of small mammals like lemmings, voles, hares, and ground squirrels. It also eats birds, eggs, fish, carrion (dead animals), insects, plants, and berries. Although it has access to many food sources throughout the year, its primary source of sustenance comes from small mammal populations native to its environment. 

Arctic Fox

During summer, when temperatures are warmer, and daylight lingers long into the night, the arctic fox will spend much of its time hunting rodents near their dens or along riversides, where they congregate in large numbers.

Fennec Fox

The fennec fox is a small, desert-dwelling fox found primarily in the deserts of Africa. They are the smallest fox species, weighing only about 100 pounds. This species is known for its short fur and black, slate-coloured eyes.

Fennec foxes have captivated people worldwide with their charm, beauty, and intelligence. These small desert-dwelling foxes are found throughout North Africa and the Middle East, living in harsh environments with little water and food. 

The Fennec foxes of the French Alps have adapted to the heat by panting with thousands of breaths per minute. The animals can cool themselves down by sweating, but some males also pant out a mixture of air and saliva that smells like rotting food.

The fennec fox is a remarkable species adapted to living in extreme climates. They have huge ears used to dissipate body heat, helping them survive in temperatures of up to 122°F (50°C). Their thick fur also helps protect them from the sun’s rays. Fennec foxes mainly feed on insects but eat plants and small rodents if available. They can go for long stretches without drinking water by getting moisture from their food.

Types of Foxes
Fennec Fox

Pale Fox

Pale foxes are a species of small woodland animal in the family Eudyptula. They are widespread and naturalized in parts of Eurasia, North America, and Europe. Pale foxes live mainly in forests, known for their evasion of predators and ability to hold their own against other animals. 

The foxes in the family unit consist of three small to medium-sized, tan-coloured foxes. Their fur is usually a bit salt and pepper, with some hints of white.

The pale fox diet comprises small mammals, rodents, lizards, insects, birds, and eggs. It is beneficial for pale foxes because it has been shown to help them reach their full potential as a species.

Blanford’s Fox

This desert fox is an endangered animal, and it’s hard to find them because they live in arid environments. Blandford’s fox has a unique way of life, making it an endangered animal worldwide.

Foxes are a type of mammal, and they have a long tail. They are also known as the Gray Fox, Sossus fuscus, and Pallas’ fox. The fox is the most common species in North America, ranging from Siberia to California. The exciting thing about foxes is that they have much in common with fennec foxes in Africa. These animals have long tails, square heads, and big ears.

Foxes are a common animal in the Middle East with a large population. Foxes live in many different countries in the Middle East. Foxes in Blanford County consume a wide variety of insects and small mammals. Their diet comprises beetles, grasshoppers, fruits, and some small mammals such as rodents.

Cape Fox

The Cape fox is a small, stocky, and agile cat that lives in the sand deserts of North Africa and the southern Sahara. The Cape fox is similar to other desert cats in its thick fur, long tails, and harsh temperament. , the Cape fox’s unique physical characteristics make it uncommon in most areas.

The Cape fox, a small, robust stock of the Neotropical family Vulpes, is known for its monogamy and mates in the summer months. This fact has led many to believe this species is unique among the animals studied regarding its mating habits. Recent research has shown that this may not be the case; other species of foxes, such as the Old World vixen and the Eurasian jaguar, also Mate during the summer months.

These furry little creatures are often seen darting across fields and scurrying over logs, but there is a lot more to foxes than meets the eye. With their sharp hearing and sense of smell, foxes can locate food sources many other animals cannot find. They excel at storing and caching food, burying it in various locations so they have something to eat later on. 

Foxes mainly feed on small game mammals such as rabbits, rodents, birds, and insects. They will also consume fruits such as apples or berries if the opportunity arises. They catch their prey, and foxes aren’t shy about scavenging either—they will take advantage of leftovers from other animals if they come across them in the wild. This behavior helps them stay well-fed while using minimal energy resources.

Corsac Fox

The Corsac Fox is a small, burrowing fox native to the steppes of Central Asia. Its slender body and pointed snout give it an unmistakable silhouette that has captivated viewers for centuries. With its highly adaptable nature, the Corsac Fox has thrived in various habitats, from arid deserts to dense forests.

This species is unique because it is nocturnal, allowing it to avoid daytime heat and competing predators. The diet of the Corsac Fox consists mainly of small rodents, birds, and insects, which it captures using its powerful sense of smell and hearing and its excellent vision at night. Their thick fur coat helps protect them against extreme hot or cold temperatures providing them with effective camouflage when hunting prey.

Corpas foxes, commonly known as South American grey foxes, are omnivorous mammals native to Central and South America. These animals have a unique diet that consists mainly of rodents and small mammals. Their diet varies, including insects, pikas, birds, and eggs. 

Their prominent predatory instincts and sharp claws help them access burrows or dens containing the food they like. They also eat fruits like berries from bushes or trees near the den sites. During winter, when food is scarce, Corpas foxes often resort to scavenging for carrion or leftover scraps around human settlements in search of food sources.

Types of Foxes
Corsac Fox

Tibetan Sand Fox

The Tibetan sand fox is a desert fox from India, China, and Tibet. The desert fox is a herbivore in the Middle East and East Asia deserts. It ranges from Afghanistan to Iran. The Tibetan sand fox is the smallest of the three species of desert fox. It has black fur with brown highlights and a long tail. The Tibetan sand fox lives in small packs of five to twenty animals in pairs or groups.

Monogamous foxes are the most common type of fox in North America and are typically seen paired for life. This unusual hunting strategy has allowed these foxes to survive in a complex environment where other animals have been extirpated.

Swift Fox

The swift fox (Vulpes velox) is a desert fox that lives in the plains of western Canada, the deserts of North America, and certain parts of Texas. The fox is known for its quick reaction time, as well as its hunting skills. The fox is also known for its strong fur coat, making it hard to catch.

Swift foxes are small, meaning the males are usually more significant than the females. This is because the males have to protect their territories and reproduction.

Swift foxes are small mammal-eating fox species that range in North America. They eat small mammals, vegetation, fruit, and fish during the season.

The swift fox is considered endangered because many of its territories are turned into farmlands. The foxes have been struggling to maintain their populations, and they may not be able to survive in the future if their territory is taken away.

Kit Fox

The kit fox is known for its long fur, black color, and quick movements. This fox is also known for its hunting skills.

Kit foxes made their home in Mexico but have also been found in Texas and New Mexico. In the regions with scrub and grasslands, kit foxes thrive, as they can live in a natural environment mainly composed of trees and brush. Some kits may live in one Den for a few years, while others may live in many Den over a year. Kit foxes are social animals, so they need to feel comfortable and safe in their own Den. If they aren’t living in their own Den during the winter, they will likely move to another Den during the next breeding season.

Monogamy is a crucial characteristic of Kit Foxes and their mating system. Kittens are born to parents who are already married. The mother and father raise the kits until they reach maturity, which can take around eight months. Once they reach maturity, the kit foxes will mate for life with one another.

Kit foxes are known for being active during the day and hiding at night, but many people don’t know they can be very active during the hottest days of the year. By leaving their dens at night, kit foxes can be out hunting prey during the daytime. This makes them dangerous animals to cross if you’re trying to get close to them.

Types of Foxes
Kid Fox

A diet for a kit fox is made up of rabbits and rodents. The kit fox also eats prairie dogs, jackrabbits, cactus fruit, and select fruits.

Rüppell’s Fox

The desert fox is known for its dark fur, which makes it difficult to see in the sun. The desert fox feeds mainly on small animal protein but also scavenges off other animals and vegetation.

Foxes prefer dry, rocky areas with many boulders and stones but can also adapt to other areas. This adaptation may be due to their natural tool-knot system.

In the early 1800s, foxes in North America were all greys. Over time, grey morph foxes (R spell foxes) have also been present. Foxes in the South are typically more brown or black. In general, there is a sandy tan color morph for all Ruppell’s foxes. Grey morphs can also exist but are less common.

Foxes are forced to move into more extreme desert areas because of competition from red foxes. Foxes share a lot of territory with red foxes, so they are forced to move into these areas. Foxes are smaller and more timid than red foxes and tend not to stay close to them. Foxes can develop fur, learn new skills, and interact with other animals quickly and effectively.

Foxes are known for their independent behavior, but after only four months of being sexually mature, some may consider them independent. The Ruppell fox is the earliest sexually mature animal and may be considered an independence seeker by some. The Ruppel fox is a small, medium-sized fox that lives in areas that do not have a lot of activity. 

Bengal Fox

The Bengal fox (Vulpes bengalensis) is a small, lowland fox that lives in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Few wildcats worldwide can reach and weigh up to 1.2 kg (2.4 lb). The fox is known for its conspicuous white fur around its muzzle and ears.

Bengal foxes live in grasslands and regions that have thorny scrub and semi-deserts. The foxes are canid species whose diet consists of insects, rabbits, and other small animals. In this environment, they can survive on a range of food sources. Their tails are black and brown on the tips. The fox has a short tail, making them look like a lemur.

Bengal or Semi-Tame foxes are semi-tame foxes that seem unafraid of humans. They live in India and Bangladesh and have been found in rural and urban areas. The foxes typically live in packs of three to five animals and are considered lower-ranking animals in the natural hierarchy. They have been known to help feed their family and protect their territory.

They are, unfortunately, the most accessible mammals to hunt. This means humans are more likely to kill them than any other animal. To make matters worse, their fur is often used as hunting clothing, and their meat is also popular in some countries. Bengal foxes, a small mammal family living in eastern India, breed once yearly and have 2-6 kits per litter. The kits are weaned at around six months old and are very active. They will start hunting by the time they are 12 months old. 

List of Non-True Type Species

Thirty-seven fox species are known, with only 12 being the valid type species. Some experts say the list may be much longer, as many unrecognized foxes still exist.

Some other species of fox that do not fall in the actual type line are the.

  • Grey fox
  • Bat-eared fox
  • Crab-eating fox
  • Island fox
  • Hoary fox
  • Darwin’s fox

Gray Fox

The grey fox can be found in many states in the United States, including California, Nevada, Arizona, Texas, and New Mexico. Grey foxes are medium-sized, predominantly grey or black with a thin layer of orange, and have salt and pepper colors that can be seen in different body parts. 

The black-tailed cats known as lynx are among the most feared species in the United States. They have a black stripe across their back and tail, and their tails are black-tipped. The fur on these cats is thick and long, making them difficult to see until they groom themselves.

Grey foxes typically have 1-7 kits per litter, but no set litter size exists. Grey foxes can sexually mature between 2 and 4, but their kits typically release in the early summer. The grey foxes in North America are the most common type of fox in this continent, but they can also be found in Europe and Asia.

Red foxes are the only species of fox that has lived in the wild for more than a year. They blend in so well that they are challenging to track and even harder to shoot. This makes them a valuable wildlife resource, but their longevity in the wild is due to their ability to camouflage themselves using their colors as camouflage.

Grey foxes are known for their diet of small game mammals such as rabbits, rodents, vegetation, and fruit. This diet benefits the grey foxes because it helps them survive in an environment they are not used to living in.

 Species of Fox Gray Fox
Gray Fox

Bat-Eared fox

The bat-eared fox, also known as Otocyon megalotis, is a non-true type of species found in Africa. They have unique ears that resemble those of bats, hence their name. These small foxes are native to the savannas and grasslands of eastern and southern Africa.

The bat-eared fox is primarily nocturnal, meaning they are active at night. They feed on insects such as termites and beetles, which comprise about 80% of their diet. This makes them essential insect controllers in their environment. The remaining 20% of their diet comprises small animals like rodents and birds.

Crab Eating Fox

The crab-eating fox is a non-true species that has been causing quite a stir in the scientific community. This species of fox has developed an unusual taste for carbohydrates, unlike any other known canid in the world. The discovery of this unique dietary habit among these animals raises essential questions about their behavior and evolution. Studies have shown that crab-eating foxes consume significant amounts of fruits, grains, and sugary treats like candy bars and ice cream. This goes against the conventional wisdom that carnivorous mammals like foxes should be primarily meat eaters. Researchers are now investigating why these animals have such a strong preference for carbohydrates over other food sources.

One possibility is that the crab-eating foxes are adapting to their changing environment.

Island fox

The Island fox is a canid species native to six of the eight California Channel Islands. It is not considered a valid species, as it has evolved independently from its mainland counterparts for thousands of years. The isolation of the Channel Islands allowed for unique adaptations to occur in the island fox population.

These adaptations can be seen in their size and behavior. Island foxes are smaller than their mainland relatives, weighing only 2-6 pounds, making them the smallest wild canids in North America. They also exhibit a more docile behavior towards humans due to hundreds of years without natural island predators.

Hoary fox

The Hoary fox is a species that belongs to the Canidae family, but it’s considered a valid type of species. This means it has some differences from other canids, such as its unique coloration and smaller size. The Hoary fox inhabits areas of South America, particularly in Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina.

The outstanding feature of this small carnivore is its coat – long hairs with a greyish tone on the back and white fur on the underparts. This coloration helps it blend in with its surroundings and avoid detection from predators or prey. The Hoary fox has shorter legs than canids like wolves or coyotes, enabling them to navigate through dense vegetation more quickly and quietly.


DarwDarwin’s (Lycalopex fulvipes) is a non-true type species, which was not initially described in the first publication of its genus. It has been recognized as a distinct species since the early 20th century due to its unique physical characteristics and genetic differences from other fox species. This small South American canid is found only on the island of Chiloé off the coast of Chile and is considered critically endangered due to habitat loss and fragmentation.

Hybrid Foxes

In recent years, hybrid foxes have been seen increasing in popularity. This is likely due to their unique abilities, making them difficult to classify. These animals can have a variety of Abilities, such as being able to run fast and jump high. Some hybrid foxes even can change their fur color, which can be exciting for humans and other predators.

Human-made hybrids can be found in many different fur colors, but red and green are the most common. Fur farms and breeding programs produced them to match the different fur colors.

Foxes are becoming more popular as pets, and some hybrid breeders are breeding foxes as pet foxes. This is because foxes are known for their intelligence and can be used in many tasks.


Foxes are believed to have originated from Asia, where they were first encountered in the late Pliocene. Foxes have been found worldwide, and there is no definitive answer as to where they came from. They’veThey’venown to live in many different climates and habitats, but they all share one common goal: survival. Foxes are versatile animals found in a wide range of habitats.

Pope Francis has called for protecting endangered animals, including foxes after being targeted and killed in a recent hunting campaign. The pope’s pope comes as conservationists warn that increasing numbers of these animals are being lost to an onslaught of development and habitat loss.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the different types of foxes?

The red fox, arctic fox, gray fox, kit fox, swift fox, island fox, fennec fox, and bat-eared fox are some of the most well-known species of foxes.

Why are foxes like cats?

Foxes, like cats, use a death blow bite rather than shaking their victim while biting as a dog. 

Where can I find red foxes?

Red foxes are found across North America, Europe, Asia, and even in parts of Australia. They have adapted to various habitats, including forests, grasslands, and urban areas.

Rosie Nevada

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